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The work carried out by the Chair is in line with its subject areas, in accordance with the by-laws and regulations approved by Comillas Pontifical University. Therefore, we will show the general content areas that define their own work topics. The topic can be generally or specifically defined.

1. General topics

Assuming that science and technology, on the one hand, and religious traditions, in particular Christianity, on the other, coexist in our society and that both refer to the same universe, the same life and the same man, the Chair creates a platform to compare and find a common reference between the scientific and technological models and the religious models, aiming to highlight the conflicting aspects, where applicable, independence or autonomy in the respective views of what is real, possible dialogue when it is enriching and the possible integration of both knowledge areas. In this way, scientific, technological and religious dialogue may contribute to socio-cultural coherence by crucially defining science, technology and religion, as well as enabling reconciliation and respect for world view traditions within each culture (science, technology, religion) and inter-religious and intercultural understanding.

This general topic, therefore, is addressed:

  1. From a Catholic university basic approach, responding to the encouragement displayed by His Holiness Pope John Paul II in important documents concerning scientific, technological and religious dialogue, meanwhile respecting the pluralism of opinions among Catholics as an enriching element.
  2. In an ecumenical way, open to the enrichment involved in addressing these topics regarding the fruitful work carried out in other Christian denominations, aware of the fact that dialogue on science and technology may be a productive platform for inter-Christian convergence.
  3. In a way which is equally open to dialogue with religious models and their view of science and technology, in non-Christian religions that are aware that science and technology can nowadays be a common framework to strengthen their own tradition and, at the same time, converge with other religions.
  4. Critically and rationally, non-apologetically and belligerently, inherent to the philosophy of science and technology but also in some way embroiled in the theological discourse of various religions.
  5. In a way which is ultimately open to dialogue with non-believers, respectful of faith, who with their view of the world, life and man can and must substantially enrich the critical dialogue between science, technology and religion.

 

2. Specific topics

Below we indicate several key areas in which we compare and find a common reference between scientific, technological and religious models:

COSMOLOGY

  • Theories on the origin, development, evolution and ultimate fate of the universe. Sufficient explanations of these theories. Religious reference to God, the foundation and creator.
  • Dynamic universe, determination and possibilities of divine action in the world.

MICROPHYSICS

  • The image of matter and the universe in quantum mechanics...
  • The Quantum Universe
  • The problem of determination/indetermination, freedom and man...

LIFE SCIENCES

  • The view of life in evolutionary and molecular biology, genetic code, determination, mechanism, indetermination...
  • Life in religion...
  • The living universe and the image of God...

PALEOANTHROPOLOGY

  • Science about the origin of man in the framework of his interdisciplinary relations...
  • Origin and causes of the human psyche in the current scientific code. View of religions.
  • Religious views of the animal and human world.

SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGY, COGNITIVE SCIENCES AND THEORY OF MIND

  • The modern systems of scientific psychology and their image of man projected onto the religious man
  • Computing, neurology and theories of mind...
  • The scientific image of man in current medical anthropology

MATHEMATICAL PHILOSOPHY

  • Formal sciences, mathematics and logical consistency
  • World rationality and intelligibility. The mathematical construction of the universe.
  • Intelligibility and God.

EPISTEMOLOGY

  • The modern epistemological debate and its idea of knowledge.
  • Knowledge in the framework of modern cognitive science.
  • Consequences of epistemology as a way of understanding scientific and religious knowledge.

PHILOSOPHY OF TECHNOLOGY

  • The philosophy of technology and its relationship with philosophy of science.
  • Science and technoscience.
  • Modern sociology of technology: what is understood as technoscience and its disposition regarding religion.
  • Theologies of religions before technology.

NEW COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

  • New communication technologies
  • New technologies: the real man and the virtual man.
  • The image of reality that new technologies hold: social consequences.
  • The type of behavior that they instigate: psychology of the neo-technological man
  • Its repercussion on the image and self-image of the religious man.

ENERGY USE

  • Ecology and ethical religious systems.
  • Sustainable development, philosophy of technology and socio-political philosophies.
  • New energy sources within an ethical-religious framework.

HISTORY AND SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE

  • History of the relationship between science, technology and religion and its way of integrating into cultures in the past. Consequences.
  • Historic sociology of scientific/religious dialogue: interpretation of the current situation from the perspective of the past...
  • Sociology of science: image of science and technology in social means of communication.
  • Sociology of science: image of nature in the media.
  • Sociology of science: image of man in the media from science fiction: educational and non-educational consequences.
  • Image of science in the media: its philosophical consequences, its philosophy of science, its religious implications.

BIOETHICS, SCIENCE-ETHICS AND TECHNOETHICS

  • Physical science, life science, science of man and technoscience pose important ethical problems.
  • Bioethics, which commonly refers to moral issues within the framework of medicine, can also be seen from a more important perspective within the framework of science-ethics, anthropology-ethics and technoethics.
  • The scientific image of man in neurology and modern theory of mind and its impact on ethics, technoethics and bioethics.

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