Doctorate Program in Economic and Business Law


Submission of applications:
Start: June 1, 2017
End: July 21, 2017.
 

Duration:
3/5 years (Full-time/Part-time study)

Campus:
Alberto Aguilera 23, Madrid


Places available:
7 per academic year at our University. 21 in total, including the 3 centres of the Joint Programme.
 

Language: Spanish (some educational activities will be given in English)

The Doctorate Program in Economic and Business Law is run by the University of Deusto, Comillas Pontifical University and the Ramón Llull University. It is designed to respond to current research needs that call for broad knowledge of essential techniques in order to produce doctoral theses in the field of business and marketing law. By engaging with complex and constantly changing realities, these theses reveal and address pressing issues generated by a globalized society undergoing a continuous process of integration and reconstruction.

The program emerges from the framework of the initiative "Aristos Campus Mundus 2015, committed to socially responsible and sustainable innovation" (named as a Campus of International Excellence by the Ministry of Education in 2011). This initiative is the result of strategic collaboration between three socially committed universities (University of Deusto, Comillas Pontifical University and the Ramón Llull University), and it also maintains an advanced strategic cooperation agreement with Georgetown University, Boston College and Fordham University. Its aim is to reinforce academic, research and teaching excellence, and dedication to socially responsible and sustainable innovation.


Requirements:

In general, to access the programme an official Spanish Degree, or equivalent, and an Official Master's degree are necessary.

Likewise, candidates can be admitted if one of the following applies:

  1. They have an official, Spanish university degree, or one from the European Higher Education Area, through which access to a master is granted pursuant to that established in section16 of Royal Decree 1393/2007 of 29 October, and they have passed a minimum of 300 ECTS credits including all official university studies, of which at least 60 must have been at a master's level.
  2. They have an official Spanish degree which, in line with European Law, is made up of less than 300 ECTS credits. Graduates that have said degree must obligatorily undertake the training outlined in section 6.3 of that regulation, apart from if the the graduate's plan of studies includes training credits in research which are equivalent to those undertaken in an official master, or specific research credits at a postgraduate level.
  3. They have an official university degree that has obtained the concordance to level 3 of the Spanish Framework of Qualifications for Higher Education, as set out in the established procedure in Royal Decree 967/2014 of 21 November which ascertains the requirements and procedure for the validation and attestation of the equivalence of a degree certificate and of the accreditation of studies realised outside of the European Higher Education Area, and the process to determine the equivalence to the levels of the Spanish Framework of Qualifications for Higher Education of the official qualifications of Architecture, Engineering, Technical Architecture, Technical Engineer and Diplomas.
  4. They have a degree certificate from a foreign education authority, that does not need to be validated due to it having previously been checked by the Doctorate Commission of the corresponding centre which accredits that the level of the training received is equivalent to an official Spanish master's degree and that in the emitting country it grants access to doctorate studies. Access through this path shall not imply, in any case, that the previous degree has been recognised for any other purpose other than undertaking this Doctorate programme.
  5. They have a Spanish Doctorate qualification which was achieved under the previous university system.
  6. They are doctorate students that started their programme in line with university system previous to Royal Decree 99/2011.
  7. They are graduates, architects and engineers that had a Diploma in Advanced Studies achieved according to that established in Royal Decree 778/1998 of 30 April, or that had completed the sufficient amount of research as regulated in Royal Decree 185/1985 of 23 January.

In all cases it is necessary to have completed at least 60 ECTS of legal content throughout undergraduate studies (or equivalent certificate, pursuant to that stipulated in section 6.2 of RD 99/2011) or postgraduate studies.

Candidate Profile

Recommended student profile

Qualifications:

  • Graduates in Legal or Social Sciences with an Official Master's certificate from the EHEA or those holding a Licenciatura (qualification from the previous university system) in the same disciplines, whose curriculum leans towards Economic or Corporate Law, whilst also fulfilling the requirements outlined below.
  • A foreign, non-validated certificated in Legal or Social Sciences which is equivalent to an Official Spanish Master's Degree and which gives its holder eligibility to access a doctorate programme in the country where it was issued.

Requirements:

  • Have 60 credits out of the 300 ECTS that the student should have completed which are purely legal.
  • A good academic record in legal subjects related to Economic and Corporate Law.
  • Accredited research capabilities in research projects undertaken in an official master's programme or in specific research credits at a post-graduate level.
  • ECTS on the methodology of legal research or on legal research projects pursuant to systems previous to Decree 99/2011.
  • Adequate level of English for legal research and academic communication.

Additional training:

  • Additional training is not necessary.

General student profile

Qualifications:

  • An official Master's degree from the EHEA or an equivalent qualification (pursuant to that established in section 6.2 of RD 99/2011) with legal credits.
  • A foreign, non-validated certificate which is equivalent to an Official Spanish Master's Degree and which gives its holder eligibility to access a doctorate programme in the country where it was issued.
  • A foreign, non-validated certificate with legal credits, which is equivalent to an Official Spanish Master's Degree and which gives its holder eligibility to access a doctorate programme in the country where it was issued.

Requirements:

  • Have 60 credits out of the 300 ECTS that the student should have completed which are purely legal.
  • A good academic record in legal subjects related to Economic and Corporate Law.

Additional training:

Complementary training should be completed which is organised in methodological seminars (up to a maximum of 30 hours). Each case will be considered taking into account the student's training and previously accredited research experience. The student will be notified as soon as they are admitted onto the Programme.

Admission process and criteria

For the purpose of selecting concurrent candidates during the admission process, the following criteria will be considered:

  • Undergraduate academic record, or that or an equivalent qualification (pursuant to that established in section 6.2 of RD 99/2011) or a post-graduate academic record, with an average minimum grade of 7 [/10]. Failing this, accreditation of a solid professional trajectory is required. In the latter case, the following references or circumstances will be evaluated, and they should be opportunely justified and documented:
    • Authorship of a publication as the single author in an indexed legal journal or in other prestigious publications in the legal field, whether they be monographs or individual contributions in collective works;
    • Presentation and acceptance of two communications, individual or group, in specialised legal conferences;
    • Legal teaching career of at least four years;
    • Active legal professional activity for at least four years.
  • Research experience:
    Previous legal research projects will be taken into account. Without prejudice, when the student does not have the research capacities that are required according to the recommended student profile, they should undertake the additional training that the Academic Commission deems appropriate at the time of admission.
  • Appropriate level of languages:
    • Spanish, Catalan or Basque: Native.
    • English: an official accreditation of at least a B1 level according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), for example the Cambridge ESOL Preliminary English Test (PET) or the American equivalent (TOEFL iBT 80, TOEFL pBT 540). Alternatively, said level of the language can be accredited by means on an internal exam undertaken in each Faculty, or through an interview with the person that each coordinator designates.

The admissions process is made up of the following phases:

  1. The documents which prove fulfilment of the entry requirements must be presented, alongside the application, to the General Secretary Office.
  2. There is an informative meeting and interview with the Coordinator of the Programme.
  3. The Academic Commission will evaluate, based on the evidence presented and the interview, the level to which the candidate fulfils the entry requirements, with the following weighting:
    • 50%, the average grade on the undergraduate and master's programme, or equivalent qualifications.
    • 10%, the level of languages, particularly considering the candidate's ability to express and integrate legal knowledge about economic and corporate law.
    • 30%, the candidate's potential research abilities in view of their career path and particularly, in view of their previous publications or research projects.
    • 10% the candidate's ability to demonstrate their affinity to the programmes objectives.

The final decision to admit or not admit a candidate lies with the Academic Commission, as a result of the position of the candidate in relation to others, once all of their merits have been considered and in terms of the places available. 

Services for students with special needs

Support program for students with disabilities

Submission of applications

Applications to start this course on the first term of academic year 2017-2018 must be submitted between 1 June and 21 July 2017. If, once this period has elapsed, there are still available places; an extraordinary application period shall be opened from 1st to 8th September 2017.

Information on documents to be presented

Duration

3 years (full time)

5 years (part time)

Admission onto the programme may be subject to specific additional training being undertaken. In such case, the time necessary for its completion will not be taken into account for the purpose of calculating the established limit.

A flow chart with different time lines which are established for the deadlines and stages of Doctorate studies which lead to the title of Doctor in the two modalities can be found via the following link

Enrolment

Fees for academic tuition (from admission to thesis defence):

Full-time students: €3,170.00 per academic year, payable in two instalments of €1,585.00 each.

Part-time students: €2,635.00 per academic year, payable in two instalments of €1,317.50 each.

Fees for optional complementary training courses (for those students who require them): €134.00 per credit.

Full time students must have paid at least the inscription fees corresponding to three academic courses to be allowed to defend their thesis.

Part time students must have paid at least the inscription fees corresponding to four academic courses to be allowed to defend their thesis.

PhD Program Coordinator

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Academic Commission

The composition of the Academic Commission can be found by following the link.

For more information

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+34 91 542 28 00 ext. 2119

  1. - National and transnational corporate law
  2. - Modernisation of Company Law
  3. - Efficient Public Economic and Institutional Law
  4. - Patrimonial Government
  5. - Law, markets and sustainable global societies

The doctorate programme includes transversal research training activities as well as ones which are specific to each programme. These activities are designed to give excellent training to new researchers and to develop their research competencies to their full potential.

Through the development of activities, it is hoped that an intellectual space will be created in which young researchers can develop their training in an excellent setting of research, creativity, interdisciplinary perspectives and team work.

The activities take place throughout the programme. They will be made up of courses, workshops, seminars, attending conferences, publishing articles and mobility periods.

The programming of these activities seeks to guarantee the students' international experience, preferably via periods in foreign universities or research centres, by completing international theses, participating in international conferences and the intervention of visiting lecturers in training activities.

OBLIGATORY ACTIVITIES

OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES

Students who do not meet the required research requirements in accordance with the recommended student profile which the programme recognises and outlines will undertake research methodology seminars beforehand.

Interdisciplinary seminars

Duration: 30 hours (3 ECTS).

Contents:

Time allocation:

  • Full time: 1st semester.
  • Part time: 1st and 2nd year.

Those that have completed post-graduate credits containing legal methodology and that have enough training and previous research experience will not have to undertaken these courses either in full or in part.

The programming of these activities seeks to guarantee the students' international experience, preferably via periods in foreign universities or research centres, by completing international theses, by having international co-advisers, participating in international conferences and the intervention of visiting lecturers in training activities.

The Doctorate programme in Economic and Corporate Law from the Universidad de Duesto, the Universidad Pontificia Comillas and the Universitat Ramón Llull aims to meet the current research demands that require a broad knowledge of the techniques that are necessary to complete a doctoral thesis in the area of corporate law, and of the market that responds to changing and complex realities, allowing to get to know and address problems which are generated by a globalised society which is constantly in the process of integration and reconstruction.

This programme has been born within the framework of the "Aristos Campus Mundus 2015, commitment to socially responsible and sustainable innovation" initiative (Campus of International Excellence in the European regional category in the Ministry of Education’s 2011 call for applications). This initiative is the result of a strategic aggregation of three universities with a social mission (the Universidad de Deusto, the Universidad Pontificia Comillas and the Universitat Ramon Llull). Moreover it has signed a strategic cooperative agreement with Georgetown University, Boston College and Fordham University. Its aim is to foster excellence in academics and research which call for a joint commitment to responsible and sustainable social innovation.

The axis of the R+D+i and of the thematic specialisation is based on the concept of "focus areas" (FA) which correspond to strategic research areas (often interdisciplinary), all of which are in answer to specific social challenges. Economic and Corporate Law builds, in particular, a focus area within this framework.

Said programme develops research in regard to economic law, without maintaining the classic academic distinction which partitions public law, isolating it from private law.  Thus, there has been a growing demand for the unification of corporate law in many of its branches, particularly those linked to the financial system (banking, the stock exchange, insurance). In this regard, the programme is centred on research related to the different fields of corporate law- fundamentally the various aspects of commercial law, but also employment law, tax law and computer law- and also related to economic law and economic relations, which are still on the side-lines of the participation of companies in the market, and likewise the relation to other legal branches- civil, criminal, procedural, international and others.

In this context, the Economics of Law (as it is internationally recognised) play an identifying role as a determining programme, in terms of allowing the relation between the economy and law, the law of economy and legal economy and the optimum methodological structure of research in law regarding economic and corporate relations to be understood.  However, the aforementioned economics of law do not condition the research methodology employed by researchers affiliated with the programme.

Within this same framework, the possibility of addressing issues is opened up and promoted, and focuses are adopted which are not strictly economic, but rather they highlight the dimension and social implications of the economic and/or the corporate problems which are the object of study. Without prejudice to the other strategies within the research focus of Aristos Campus Mundus, the topics related to areas of economic law where the analysis of a cross-border dimension is fundamental for the research innovation will be prioritised, particularly in legal areas such as corporate and company law, environmental law, financial and tax laws of the company, the right to work and other fields, disciplines and sub-sectors of a social nature which are linked to economic and corporate law, as well as the exam on internal and transnational public regulations or the economic sectors.

BASIC AND GENERAL COMPETENCIES

Basic

  • CB11- Systematic understanding of a field of study and command of the skills and research methods related to said field.
  • CB12- Capacity to think of, create or design, put into practice and adopt a substantial research or creative process.
  • CB13- Capacity to contribute to the expansion of the borders of knowledge through original research.
  • CB14- Ability to carry out critical analysis, evaluation and synthesis of new and complex ideas.
  • CB15- Ability to communicate with the academic and scientific communities and with society in general regarding areas of knowledge and in the way and language that is commonly used in the international scientific community.
  • CB16- Ability to encourage, in academic and professional contexts, scientific, technological, social, artistic and cultural advances within a society based on knowledge.

Personal abilities and strengths

  • CA01- To get involved in contexts where there is little specific information.
  • CA02- To find the key questions that must be answered in order to solve a complex problem.
  • CA03- To design, create, develop and launch new and innovative projects within your area of knowledge.
  • CA04- To work both as a team and individually in an international or multidisciplinary context.
  • CA05- Integrate knowledge, face complexities and formulate opinions with limited information.
  • CA06- Intellectual criticism and defence of solutions.

THESIS SUPERVISION

In general, to progress through the supervision process, students will generally require: a report from the supervisor and approval from the Academic Commission, via the respective coordinators of each center.

The allocation of tutors and thesis supervisors to students by the Academic Commission (adapted to art 11 RD 99/2011) consists of the following phases:

First: proposal phase. Within three months of enrollment, the Commission will propose a thesis supervisor for each student, informing the student of the same. The proposed supervisor may be the tutor previously allocated by the Academic Commission.

The supervisor, working as either a co-supervisor or sole supervisor, will hold a PhD, have accredited research experience and be linked to the program's lines of research.

They can be justifiably removed by the Academic Commission at any time.

Second: approval phase. This phase begins on the date the proposal is formally made and lasts for a maximum of two months. Once this proposed appointment is received by the corresponding lecturer, they must accept or reject it within fifteen days and the student will be informed of their decision. If rejected, a maximum of two successive proposals will be made, within the same timeframe, until written approval within the same period is obtained, with the student being informed of all decisions.

STUDENT MONITORING

Once enrolled, the student will create their activity log, for the purposes of the control record stipulated in art 2.5 of Royal Decree 99/2011; all training activities will be recorded in this log in accordance with the criteria determined by the Academic Commission. Tutor and supervisor reviews, as well as the assessments made by the Academic Commission will also be recorded in this log.

Tutor allocation:Upon admission to the doctorate program, the Academic Commission will appoint a tutor with accredited research experience linked to the program, who will be responsible for:

  • Adaptation of the student's training and research activities to the program.
  • Regular review of the student's personal activity log with the thesis supervisor.
  • Approval of the research plan within the first year, with the supervisor.
  • Signing the formal commitment agreement with the University, the student and the supervisor.

The person appointed as the tutor can be the supervisor or another researcher associated with the program. The tutor can be justifiably removed by the Academic Commission at any time.

Supervisor allocation: Allocation of thesis supervisors to students by the Academic Commission consists of the following phases:

First: proposal phase. Within three months of enrollment, the Commission will propose a thesis supervisor for each student, informing the student of the same. The proposed supervisor may be the tutor previously allocated by the Academic Commission.

The supervisor, working as either a co-supervisor or sole supervisor, will hold a PhD, have accredited research experience and be linked to the program's lines of research.

They can be justifiably removed by the Academic Commission at any time.

Second: approval phase. This phase begins on the date the proposal is formally made and lasts for a maximum of two months. Once this proposed appointment is received by the corresponding lecturer, they must accept or reject it within fifteen days and the student will be informed of their decision. If rejected, a maximum of two successive proposals will be made, within the same timeframe, until written approval within the same period is obtained, with the student being informed of all decisions. This phase concludes with the official registration of the appointed supervisor and from on, he/she commits to:

  • Guide and monitor training activities and doctoral research tasks, providing consistency throughout the overall research experience, and guaranteeing the scientific impact and innovation of the thesis.
  • Support the annual research plan and review the student's activity log at least once a term.
  • Sign the regulatory commitment agreement, together with the University, the student and the tutor.
  • Create and submit the report stipulated in art 11.7 of RD 99/2011 to the Academic Commission via the coordinator.
  • Where appropriate, support the study periods and actions required to obtain the mention of International Doctor, art. 15.1 of RD 99/2011.

Research plan, activity log and control of these documents: Before finishing the first year, the student will create a research plan containing at least the following details:

  • Identification of the student and the thesis supervisor or co-supervisors
  • Title and proposal summary
  • Methodologies to be used
  • Objectives and the proposed timetable and resources to achieve them
  • Description of complementary training modules that must be carried out

The plan must be supervised and assessed, via a report, by the tutor and supervisor and, if necessary, can be modified, adapted and improved throughout the program.

The student, with the supervision and report from the tutor and supervisor, will annually submit their activity log which must contain at least the following details:

  • The degree of progress in the different parts of the thesis
  • Content extract from the biannual supervisory processes, approved by the supervisor
  • Summary of research activities carried out during the period

The Academic Commission will annually assess the research plan and activity log together with the corresponding reports submitted by the tutor and supervisor. Positive assessment is an essential requirement for continuing on the program. In the case of duly justified negative assessment, the Academic Commission will propose appropriate corrective measures in order to help the student create a new research plan, after which these documents will be reassessed within a period of six months. A second negative assessment will result in the student's definite expulsion from the program, via a duly justified report from the Academic Commission.

REGULATIONS FOR THE PRESENTATION AND SUBMISSION OF DOCTORAL THESES

General rules for writing and format

The doctoral thesis consists of an original piece of research. In the field of this program, the thesis content from which derive its principal scientific contributions must be linked to the subject of Economic Law and/or Business Law in their different forms.

The research project for the thesis should prepare the student to conduct legal research in line with the parameters generally accepted by the legal scientific community, according to the objectives and skills described above.

The thesis can be written and/or defended in Castilian Spanish or English.

The title of the thesis must also feature in Castilian Spanish when the thesis is written in English. All theses must contain a summary in Castilian Spanish of at least 2000 words bound as part of the thesis.

Rules for presentation of the doctoral thesis under the compendium of publications method

If the student opts to carry out the thesis through the compendium of publications method, a coherent set of legal research papers may be submitted for assessment. These papers must have been published by the student and all be linked to the same line or field of research and to the general subject of the program. As such, the set of works that are submitted as the thesis must be presented in the student's research plan as a single piece of work, and must appear on their activity log.

This compendium of work should contain at least:

  • Three books or book chapters published with acclaimed publishers in the scientific field on which the student's line of research is based.
  • Three articles published in internationally indexed journals, signed by the maximum number of authors set out in the internal regulations, and with the student named as the first author (except when the order of the authors is changed due to the academic customs of the chosen field, in which case the fact that the student's name does not appear first must be justified).
  • Additionally, any combination of a minimum of three publications from the categories mentioned above (books, chapters or articles) will also be accepted as a compendium, provided that the above conditions are fulfilled.

All work must have been published, or at least accepted for publication according to certification issued by the editorial management, after the student's initial enrollment in the program and before the date of the submission request and admission to the thesis defense procedure.

Theses presented under the compendium of publications method must contain, without fail, the following additional sections:

A general introduction in which the pieces of work are presented and the scientific basis of the thesis is justified.

An overall summary of the research objectives and final conclusions, in which the partial results presented in each piece of work are unified.

A complete copy of the pieces of work (articles, book chapters or books, etc). A full reference of all pieces of work, the personal details of all of the authors and, where appropriate, details of the journal or medium in which the work has been published. The student must specify their contribution to the works included in their thesis.

Copies of the acceptance letters for the publications which feature in the thesis, in the case of pieces of work pending publication.

In order to submit the thesis through the compendium of publications method, the student should obtain authorization from the Academic Commission. To obtain authorization from the Academic Commission, the student should provide the following documents:

Copies of the published or presented work.

Report from the thesis supervisor, justifying the submission of a compendium of publications as the doctoral thesis.

Report from the student which specifies their contribution to each article, attested to by the thesis supervisor.

Rules for registration and admission of the thesis to the defense process

Upon completion of the thesis and written authorization from their supervisor/s, the student will request approval from the Academic Commission to proceed with its submission. Positive reports should be sought from at least two PhD holders with accredited research experience in the field of knowledge of the thesis, who can be members of the assessment board.

Once the student's full academic record has been assessed, including the activity log, the academic commission will authorize, when appropriate, the submission of the thesis, and will issue its decision within a maximum period of one month. In the case of denied authorization, the student can appeal before the Rector, who will make a final decision based on a report from the General Academic Commission of Doctorate Programs.

The Academic Commission may require the student and their supervisor/s to make changes or improvements to the thesis, and to defer its defense until such changes have been made and verified by the Commission. After any changes have been made and verified, the Commission will issue a duly justified decision, to which the terms in points 2 and 3 will apply.

Once the student's submission request has been approved, he/she must submit the required copies of the thesis in paper or electronic format as per the internal regulations of each center. In addition, the content of the thesis must always be summarized in electronic format for inclusion in the databases and institutional repositories of each universities participating in the program. A copy of the thesis will be displayed in the university at which the thesis will be defended for a minimum of two weeks. The Commission will publically announce the submission and exhibition of the thesis, so that any PhD holder may analyze it and submit any written observations deemed appropriate to the Academic Commission.

Where applicable, an application for the mention of International Doctor should be submitted along with the copy of the thesis.

Once the submission period expires, the Academic Commission will issue a decision in favor of the defense of the thesis within a maximum of three months.

Rules relating to the board and to the defense of the doctoral thesis

Once the thesis has been approved for defense, the Academic Commission will agree on a proposed board to assess the thesis.

The board will be composed of five PhD holders with accredited research experience, of which a minimum of three will not be from the universities linked to this program. This proposal must also include a substitute board composed of members who meet the same requirements.

The board cannot include the student's supervisor/s or tutor, except in cases of theses submitted within the framework of bilateral conventions or agreements of co-tutelage or co-supervision with foreign universities.

The lecturer of highest academic rank should chair the board and in the case of equal ranking, the longest serving academic will assume this role. If possible, the board member from the university at which the defense will take place shall act as secretary of the board. In their absence, the lowest ranking member will act as secretary of the board and in the case of equal ranking, the member with the shortest record of service will assume this role.

The program's Academic Commission shall inform each member of the board of their appointment and send them a copy of the student's thesis and activity log, indicating, when appropriate, that an application for the mention of International Doctor has also been made. The board will use the log as a qualitative assessment tool which will support the thesis assessment.

The chairperson of the board will decide the place, date and time of the thesis defense, after consultation with the other full members of the board and the thesis supervisor. The chairperson of the board will officially invite the student and members of the board to the thesis defense, at least seven days in advance of the same. The Academic Commission will adequately publicize the thesis defense.

All five members of the board, or in their absence, those standing in for them, shall convene before the thesis defense.

During the thesis defense, the student will publicly present at least the method, content, conclusions and scientific contributions of their work, responding to questions put to them by the board members. Additionally, any PhD holder present at the public defense of the thesis may put forward questions at the time and in the way indicated by the chairperson. Upon completion of the thesis defense, each board member will issue a written report containing their assessment of the thesis. In camera, the board will determine the overall grade of the thesis, in terms of "satisfactory" or "unsatisfactory". The chairperson will publicly announce the grade.

The "Cum Laude" distinction requires a favorable unanimous decision by secret ballot, during a separate session to the thesis defense. The secretary of the board shall officially record the granting of the PhD award, including all relevant information on the thesis defense and the grade.

Rules for the mention of International Doctor

The degree certificate can include on its obverse the mention of International Doctor so long as the following requirements are met:

  • The student must have carried out, during the training period necessary to obtain the Doctorate Degree, a minimum study period of three months outside of Spain in a higher education institute or research center of excellence, either studying or carrying out research work. The study period should not be carried out in the student's usual country of residence. Study periods and activities will be supported by the thesis supervisor, authorized by the Academic Commission and recorded on the student's activity log.
  • Part of the doctoral thesis, at least the summary and conclusions, must be written and submitted in any of the regular languages for scientific communication used in the corresponding field of knowledge. This excludes all official Spanish languages except when the study period, reports and experts come from a Spanish-speaking country.
  • The thesis must have contributions from a minimum of two experts from any foreign higher education institute or foreign research center.
  • The assessment board must have included at least one expert PhD holder from a foreign higher education institute or a foreign research center. This expert cannot be the same person responsible for the study period mentioned above.

The application for the mention of International Doctor must be submitted when the registering the thesis along with the relevant documents proving that the abovementioned requirements are fulfilled.

The Program's Academic Commission, when deemed necessary, will confirm the aptitude of the experts who contributed to the thesis, in a well-reasoned, written statement.

The thesis must be defended at the university where it was registered and submitted. However, students may research and write up their thesis at any of the other universities participating in this program, under the terms indicated in the collaboration agreement currently in force.

 

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